Afro-Turks and the Modern Middle East

Spring 2023 GGR Recipient

Brittany White (History)

In 1923, 400,000 Muslims living in Greece and 1.2 million Greek Orthodox Christians living in Turkey were forcibly relocated in what we now call the Greek-Turkish population exchange. This event is not understudied, but the experiences of the Black Muslim population caught up in this exchange process are—and the history of Black people in the region is fragmented at best. My project examines the experience of “Afro-Turks” in the late Ottoman and early Turkish republican periods. This project will frame these experiences within the context of race, migration, displacement, and the formation of nation-states in the wake of WWI.